Picturesque Palestine, vol. 4, p. 187.
Egypt has a soil of sand, and
as we have already said, depends on the annual
overflow of the Nile for its fertility. In the
dry season, to supply gardens and fields with
water, pumps of various sorts are used. The "Shadoof"
is a very ancient invention for raising water.
It consists of "two posts about five feet high
and three feet apart, connected at the top by
a horizontal bar; across this is a branch of a
tree having at one end a weight composed of
mud, and at the other suspended to it by two
palm sticks, a bucket made of basket work or
matting or of a hoop with wooden stuff or
leather." One man may work this machine and
lift water as much as six or eight feet by it.
He may keep on the whole day bowing and rising
as he works, doing it all in graceful fashion.
Earthly Footsteps of the Man of Galilee, p. 46.)